"His shoulders are rounded from much study, and his face
protrudes forward, and is for ever slowly oscillating from side
to side in a curiously reptilian fashion."
Holmes describes Moriarty in reptilian terms, as if his lack of
humanity can be discerned in his physical makeup.
"'You have less frontal development
than I should have expected,' said he at last."
In the 18th-century pseudo-science, phrenology, frontal development
was believed to indicate great intelligence. This idea, like other
phrenological beliefs, eventually found its way into the anthropology
of the time, which used racial characteristics as an indicator of
evolutionary advancement. Moriarty's remark is meant as an insult
to Holmes's brain capacity; Moriarty's own skull "domes out in a
white curve," as Holmes himself notes.
"'You hope to place me in
the dock. I tell you that I will never stand in the dock.'"
At British trials, the
accused stands on a small platform surrounded by a railing--the dock.
"...I went out about midday
to transact some business in Oxford Street. As I passed the corner
which leads from Bentinck Street on to the Welbeck Street crossing
a two-horse van furiously driven whizzed round and was on me like
These are the names of actual London streets. Holmes is just a few
blocks from the foot of Baker Street when he is attacked.
area where Holmes was attacked can be found in the upper
left-hand corner of this map, and Mortimer Street, on which
Watson's back garden faces, appears at the upper right
"…but as I walked down Vere
Vere Street turns into New Bond Street on the south side of Oxford
"I took a cab after that
and reached my brother's rooms in Pall Mall, where I spent the day."
Sherlock hides out at his brother Mycroft Holmes's lodgings, across
the street from his club, the Diogenes, where speaking to another
member can be cause for expulsion. Both Mycroft's apartment and
the Diogenes Club are located near many other prestigious clubs,
somewhere along Pall Mall, which runs horizontally across the bottom of
the map, above right.
"…and you will drive to the Strand end of the Lowther
The Lowther Arcade is a small, covered shopping bazaar, specializing
in toys, located between two buildings across The Strand from Charing
Cross Station. The roof is studded with glass domes that provide
natural light in the daytime.
Dear Lowther Arcade! Offtimes have
we wandered agape among thy enchanted palaces…. I have heard
that thou art vulgar, but I cannot see how, unless it be that tattered
children haunt thy portals, those awful yet smiling entrances to
so much joy. To the Arcade there are two entrances, and with much
to be sung in laudation of that which opens from the Strand yet
I on the whole prefer the other as truly romantic, because it is
there the tattered ones congregate….